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Himalayas in India

Welcome to the Himalayas- the most spectacular and impressive mountainous range in the world. Spread over 400 km. in width and 2600 km. in length,  the Himalayan range stretches from the Indus river valley in the north west, to the Brahmaputra river valley in the north east. The word Himalaya, meaning “Abode of snow”, is originated from Sanskrit words: “Him” (snow) + “Alaya” (home/house). Visit the Himalayas for scenic snow-clad peaks, dense green forests, adventurous mountain sports and diverse wildlife.

This longest mountainous range stretches across six countries- Bhutan, Tibet, India, Nepal, Pakistan and Afghanistan. In the extreme north region of India, it separates the Indian subcontinent from the Tibetan Plateau. Comprising of more than 100 mountains, the Himalayan range is categorized into four parts - the Outer Himalayas or the Sub-Himalayas are called Shivaliks, the Tibetan Himalayas are known as the Trans-Himalayas, the Great Himalayas or the Higher Himalayas are known as Himadri and lastly, the Lesser Himalayas or the Lower Himalayas are known as Himachal. The Himalayan range is the source of three major rivers, the Indus, the Ganga-Brahmaputra, and the Yangtze. The Himalayas comprise of around 15,000 glaciers. Siachen glacier, which is located at the Indo-Pak border, is considered the second longest glacier in the world with a length of around 70 km.

The three highest mountain peaks in the world, Mount Everest, K2 and Kanchenjunga, with heights of 8848 m, 8611 m and 8598 m respectively, lie in the Himalayan range. These peaks are much visited as scaling them is a desire of most mountaineering enthusiats.

Major Destinations

Jammu & Kashmir, the northern-most part of India, is every tourist's delight. A boat ride in Kashmir's Dal Lake is an out of the world experience. Kashmir valley attracts thousands of tourists every month for adventurous sports like mountaineering, river rafting and surfing. Jammu lies on the south-eastern slopes of the Shivalik range and witnesses tourists mostly in the months of October-May.

Ladakh, the highest inhabited region in India, is nourished by the river Indus. The destination is famous for Buddhist Monasteries and activities like trekking, mountaineering, camping and water-rafting. June to October is considered the best time to visit Ladakh. Kargil and Suru Valley are the most enchanting places. Known as “The Last Shangrila”, Ladakh is located at a height of 2,500 to 4,500 metres, therefore the air is rare and temperature very low.

Himachal Pradesh is located in the western Himalayan region. Surrounded by the cold deserts of the Trans Himalaya, Himachal Pradesh is visited for hill stations like Simla, Dalhousie, Kullu, Manali and Kufri. The state is inhabited mostly by enchanting hill tribes such as Gadis, Gujaris, Kinnauris, Lahulis and Pangwalis. You can enjoy all sorts of mountain sports here along with heli-skiing and paragliding, as well as angling and jungle safaris.

Sikkim the land of Dalai Lama, naturally has a number of monasteries and ancient stupas. It is a place for adventure and discovery. Kanchenjunga, the third highest peak in the world, is situated in Sikkim. The months of May-October are quite pleasant for holidaying here, but winter is considered best for adventurous sports, when the snow in the upper levels accumulate to a thickness of 30m.

Uttaranchal lies in the western Himalayan region. It is the home of holy rivers- Ganga and Yamuna. “Char-Dhams” namely, Shri Badrinath, Kedarnath, Gangotri & Yamunotri are popular Hindu pilgrimage routes. Most of Uttaranchal is part of the Himalayan ranges. Nanda Devi peak in Chamoli, 7,817 m above sea level, is the highest point in the state. Uttaranchal has many glaciers, passes, meadows, and trekking routes. A major part of this state is covered with rain-forests and alpine forests supporting some of the highly endangered wildlife species.
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